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What is the official definition of homelessness?
HUD Definition of Homelessness
The HEARTH Act, passed in May 2009, amended the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, and included a revised definition of homeless that applied to HUD's Homeless Assistance Programs. On December 5, 2011 HUD commenced its rulemaking process by publishing the Final Rule Defining Homeless (76 FR 75994). This rule amended the definition of HUD's existing homeless programs - the Shelter Plus Care Program (24 CFR 582), the Supportive Housing Program (24 CFR 583), the Emergency Solutions Grants Program (24 CFR Part 576) - and incorporated the revised homeless definition into the Consolidated Plan regulation (24 CFR Part 91). Subsequently, HUD adopted the same definition in its Continuum of Care Program (24 CFR 578).
There is more than one “official” definition of homelessness.
A homeless individual is defined in section 330(h)(5)(A) as “an individual who lacks housing (without regard to whether the individual is a member of a family), including an individual whose primary residence during the night is a supervised public or private facility (e.g., shelters) that provides temporary living accommodations, and an individual who is a resident in transitional housing.” A homeless person is an individual without permanent housing who may live on the streets; stay in a shelter, mission, single room occupancy facilities, abandoned building or vehicle; or in any other unstable or non-permanent situation. [Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C., 254b)]
An individual may be considered to be homeless if that person is “doubled up,” a term that refers to a situation where individuals are unable to maintain their housing situation and are forced to stay with a series of friends and/or extended family members. In addition, previously homeless individuals who are to be released from a prison or a hospital may be considered homeless if they do not have a stable housing situation to which they can return. A recognition of the instability of an individual’s living arrangements is critical to the definition of homelessness. (HRSA/Bureau of Primary Health Care, Program Assistance Letter 99-12, Health Care for the Homeless Principles of Practice) (www.nhchc.org)
Homelessness in Oregon
Oregon Housing and Community Services- Oregon Releases the 2015 Point-in-Time Homeless Count Information
Rural Oregon Continuum of Care (ROCC)
The Continuum of Care (CoC) Program is designed to promote communitywide commitment to the goal of ending homelessness; provide funding for efforts by nonprofit providers, and State and local governments to quickly rehouse homeless individuals and families while minimizing the trauma and dislocation caused to homeless individuals, families, and communities by homelessness; promote access to and effect utilization of mainstream programs by homeless individuals and families; and optimize self-sufficiency among individuals and families experiencing homelessness.
The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act of 2009 (HEARTH Act), enacted into law on May 20, 2009, consolidates three of the separate homeless assistance programs administered by HUD under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act into a single grant program. The HEARTH Act also codifies into law the Continuum of Care planning process, a longstanding part of HUD’s application process to assist homeless persons by providing greater coordination in responding to their needs.
Date Published: May 2009
2016 HUD Continuum of Care Funding Competition
2016 OR-505 BOS CoC Consolidated Application - Final - Submitted 9-13-16
2016 OR-505 BOS CoC Planning Application - Final - Submitted 9-13-16
2016 OR-505 BOS CoC Priority Listing - Final - Submitted 9-13-16
2016 OR-505 BOS CoC Rating and Review Procedure-Final
2015 CoC Continuum of Care Funding Application
2015 CoC Consolidated Application Summary - OR 505 BOS Coc: 11-18-15 FINAL
2015 CoC Planning Project Application Submission - OR 505 BOS CoC: 11-18-15 - FINAL
2015 CoC Project Priority Listing Submission - OR 505 BOS CoC: 11-18-15 - FINAL
2015 CoC Funding Competition-OR-505 BOS CoC-Rating, Review, Reallocation Process
OCHH P.O. Box 439, Silverton, OR 97381 971-283-0983
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